Opting for solar power is the ultimate choice that can help you to eliminate your electricity bills. It also enables you to use solar power at the time of power cuts especially during summer that occurs due to high power consumption and during rainy days. Furthermore, for every person who is troubling to use the necessary electrical equipment like fans, mobile charging, bulbs, laptop charging, computer, water pumps, etc. during frequent and long power cuts, then the solar system is the only suitable option for you. However, if you are planning to get the solar system to your home and confused to choose the right solar battery for your home application needs, then this is the article for you that explains about different types of solar batteries and the most important features to consider while buying a solar battery.
Choose the Right Solar Battery for Your Home: –
In case, if you already brought the solar system to your home and have a solar battery, then here is a question for you. Is your solar battery giving enough backup to your home application needs? If yes, then great! If no and planning to replace it with a new battery, then go through the following terms that enable you to choose and buy the best solar battery available in the market.
When you are planning to buy a solar battery to your home, then you should be aware of the types of batteries available in the market. There are three types of batteries and they are: Lead Acid Battery, Solar Battery, and Lithium Battery. So, it is necessary to understand the advantages and disadvantages of all the three types of batteries and know which battery fits your requirement and budget.
Lead Acid Battery: –
Lead Acid Batteries are considered to be the most common type of solar batteries with the electrodes as grids of metallic lead containing lead oxides. Furthermore, the lead oxide composition helps in charging and discharging of this battery. In addition, lead-acid batteries are available at very affordable prices compared to other batteries and deliver 70% efficiency.
Solar Battery: –
The capacity of the solar system is measured by the battery power and so, the solar battery is considered to be the most important part of the solar system. Furthermore, the solar battery has three electrodes (normal battery has only two electrodes) and treated as the power bank in the solar system. These solar batteries last longer, require less maintenance and are bit-costly compared to the normal lead-acid batteries. The normal lifespan of solar batteries – 5 to 15 years.
Lithium Battery: –
In lithium batteries, electrodes are made of lightweight lithium and carbon. Furthermore, these batteries are made up of several cells and can be used in place of lead-acid batteries as the charging voltages of both the batteries are almost same. In addition, these lithium batteries deliver 99% of the efficiency and are very expensive as compared to the other battery types.
- Backup Time: –
The average backup time of any battery is 4 to 5 hours. However, at the time of power cuts, if you want to run 100% of your home load, then you can calculate and identify the capacity of the required battery with the formula – battery’s capacity * volts / home loads.
For instance, if you have a 150 Ah battery, then its total storage will be – 150Ah * 12V = 1800 Watts. As the efficiency of any battery is 70 per cent, then you can use – 1800 Watts * 70% = ~1300 Watts.
- Charging Time: –
As much as backup time is necessary, charging time is also considered as the most important factor that you should consider while buying a battery. The charging time may vary from 3 to 10 hours based on the battery type and other specifications. So, in order to charge the battery, you need to have sufficient solar panels and the most suitable solar inverter.
- Warranty: –
Warranty is one of the priority factors that you should consider while buying a battery. In case of any faulty conditions, damages, etc. while using the battery and if it is within the warranty period, then you can opt for the replacement. Generally, the warranty period ranges from 3 to 5 years and you choose the one based on your requirement.
- Maintenance & Life Expectancy: –
For a longer life run and an effective backup of the battery, you need to follow up regular maintenance of the battery. Furthermore, it is necessary to refill the battery water whenever the water level goes below the indicator. You can easily check the water level and refill battery water (acid) at least once or twice a year. However, if you do not refill water, then the battery cells will become hard and finally, stops working.
- Price: –
It is necessary to compare the batteries and buy the most suitable one as you are investing your money on it. Furthermore, the price of the battery mostly depends on its specifications like battery capacity, backup time, efficiency, charging time, discharge ration, years of warranty service, etc. So, you can go through all such details and buy the best battery with your budget for your solar system. In addition, you can visit online and offline stores for detailed information. You can also make a visit to Qwik Power Industry India LLP – a leading battery supplier in India and batterydukaan.com – one of the best online battery stores in India where you can compare various types of batteries, their specifications, and prices.